Dr. Ayman Shabana is Associate Research Professor at Georgetown University in Qatar. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles, his MA from Leiden University in the Netherlands, and his BA from al-Azhar University in Egypt. His teaching and research interests include Islamic legal and intellectual history, Islamic law and ethics, human rights, and bioethics. He is the director of the Islamic Bioethics Project, which has been supported by three consecutive grants from Qatar National Research Fund’s National Priorities Research Program. In 2012 he received the Research Excellence Award at the Qatar Annual Research Forum and during the academic year 2013-2014 he was a visiting research fellow at the Islamic Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School. He is the author of Custom in Islamic Law and Legal Theory in addition to several book chapters and academic journal articles, which appeared in Islamic Law and Society, Journal of Islamic Studies, Journal of Qur’anic Studies, Zygon, Hawwa, Journal of Islamic Ethics, Religion Compass, Sociology of Islam, and Medicine Health Care and Philosophy. He contributed to several reference works such as Encyclopedia of Islam III, Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law, Oxford Handbook of Islamic Law, Routledge Handbook of Islamic Law, and Oxford Handbook of Religious Perspectives on Reproductive Ethics. He is also the chief editor of the forthcoming Oxford Encyclopedia of Islamic Bioethics.