In both Roman and Islamic law, legal representation is not limited to court appearances on behalf of a principal. It is more or less the default in everyday life that men and women (and even children), educated and uneducated, rich and poor—all need to be represented by others, and that need is presumed to arise … Continue reading Commentary :: Let’s Lose Lawyers (3-4)
At the end of the last post we met the negotiorum gestor, an administrator of the business of another, even without any mandate from the principal. The argument for this and for the more recognizable representative, who receives an explicit appointment by the principal, we learn (from Ulpian), was made from “necessity.” In the Digest, … Continue reading Commentary :: Let’s Lose Lawyers (2-4)
INTRODUCTION TO A SERIES OF FOUR POSTS In this series, I aim to play with a few ideas. First, I will imagine a society without heavily professionalized sophists who can argue either side in a legal dispute, i.e., lawyer-advocates (posts 1-2). The historical models I employ (Roman and Islamic law) allow me to underscore the … Continue reading Commentary :: Let’s Lose Lawyers (1-4)
Many thanks to Mohammad Fadel for joining us this past month as a guest blog editor and for his thoughtful and thought-provoking posts. In case you missed any of them, here is a compilation of his posts: Is Islamic Purposivism (maqāṣid al-sharīʿa) a Thinly-Disguised Form of Utilitarianism? Slavery and Freedom in the Yaḥyā b. Yaḥyā (d. … Continue reading Thank you, Mohammad Fadel!
ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanhūrī (1895-1971), Egypt’s most celebrated jurist of the 20thcentury, is most famous for his efforts to create a modern Arab legal system that reflected the fundamental principles of Islamic law while also incorporating the most important developments of modern legal science. The Egyptian Civil Code, for which he was the principal drafter, was … Continue reading Abd al-Razzāq al-Sanhūrī’s Conception of Modern Islamic International Law versus the Practice of Muslim States
The European Court of Human Rights (“ECtHR”) in its recent Molla Sali v. Greece decision (Dec. 19, 2018) radically undermined the right of Greece’s Thrace Muslim community to preserve its legal autonomy within the structure of the Greek state and the broader European Union. First, the background: Greece’s Muslim population, which resided historically in the … Continue reading Molla Sali v. Greece and Undermining the Autonomy of Greece’s Muslims in Thrace: Equality versus Community
The years I spent working on the forthcoming translation of the Muwaṭṭaʾ overlapped in part with the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (“ISIS”), and its claim to a caliphate. Among other outrages, ISIS introduced certain forms of slavery to the territory under its control, most prominently, concubinage. This decision was ostensibly … Continue reading Slavery and Freedom in the Yaḥyā b. Yaḥyā (d. 234/848) Recension of the Muwaṭṭaʾ of Mālik b. Anas
Thanks to the efforts of modern Muslim legal reformers, the medieval jurisprudential doctrine of maqāṣid al-sharīʿa has become ubiquitous, not only in the legal writings of contemporary Muslim jurists and scholars of Islamic law, but also among the educated Muslim lay-public. Yet, the appeal to maqāṣid al-sharīʿa – which I will translate as purposivism in this post … Continue reading Is Islamic Purposivism (maqāṣid al-sharīʿa) a Thinly-Disguised Form of Utilitarianism?
Katarzyna Sidło (Center for Social and Economic Research) organized a PIL Forum Roundtable on the Tunisian president Beji Caid Essebsi's 2017 proposal to amend inheritance laws. She introduces the Roundtable by noting that, under the country’s current Personal Status Code – passed in 1956 – Tunisian citizens may not “allocate their inheritance freely and must … Continue reading Roundtable :: Tunisian Inheritance Law Reform
Mohammad Fadel (University of Toronto, Faculty of Law) takes a pragmatic approach that helps explain why Tunisian president Beji Caid Essebsi’s 2017 proposal to amend Tunisian inheritance laws has raised so much controversy: "While the new law, if implemented, may not make a substantial tangible difference in people’s lives – especially given the ease with … Continue reading Thoughts on the Draft Tunisian Inheritance Reform Legislation