Snapshot: Karnataka High Court Ruling on Banning Ḥijāb

By Raha Rafii Courts in India continue to circumscribe Indian Muslims’ religious rights in tandem with the Hindutva (Hindu nationalist) policies of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who came to power in 2014, and his ruling political party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). In March, the High Court of the state of Karnataka issued a ruling on … Continue reading Snapshot: Karnataka High Court Ruling on Banning Ḥijāb

Indian Muslim Organizations’ Responses to Karnataka Ḥijāb Ban in Schools

By Raha Rafii Several long-established bodies representing Muslims in India have responded to the Karnataka State Court’s upholding of the ḥijāb ban in government schools in March. Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind,[1] the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM),[2] and the All India Personal Law Board (AIMPLB)[3] in Delhi emphasized the negative impact on both religious freedom and Muslim … Continue reading Indian Muslim Organizations’ Responses to Karnataka Ḥijāb Ban in Schools

Karnataka High Court’s Interpretation of Islamic Sources: Ḥijāb is Not “Part of Essential Religious Practice in Islam”

By Raha Rafii In the last few decades, courts in India have been increasingly settling matters of whether details of Muslim personal law, which include matters of marriage, divorce, and inheritance, continue to be applicable. During the British colonial period, the various religious communities in India had been governed by their own personal status laws,[1] … Continue reading Karnataka High Court’s Interpretation of Islamic Sources: Ḥijāb is Not “Part of Essential Religious Practice in Islam”

Karnataka High Court Order Upholds Ḥijāb Ban in Government Schools

By Raha Rafii On March 15, 2022, the Karnataka High Court[1] dismissed petitions against its Interim Order[2] upholding the Government Order[3] dated May 2, 2022 banning ḥijāb in government schools in the state of Karnataka, India. The Court dismissed a few petitions based on lack of sufficient evidence, while dismissing the arguments of the remaining … Continue reading Karnataka High Court Order Upholds Ḥijāb Ban in Government Schools

In Interim Order, Karnataka High Court Upholds Government Order Banning Hijab

By Raha Rafii In December 2021, a dispute broke out at Government Pre-University College for Girls in the state of Karnataka, India, where six students demanded to wear the headscarf/ḥijāb on school grounds.[1] This action set off several protests and counter-protests over subsequent months in multiple districts, including students wearing saffron shawls to assert religious … Continue reading In Interim Order, Karnataka High Court Upholds Government Order Banning Hijab

Fatwās on Cryptocurrency: Egypt’s Dār al-Iftāʾ

By Raha Rafii Grand Muftī Shawky Ibrahim Allam of Egypt’s Dār al-Iftāʾ issued a fatwā in December 2017[1] stating that any and all uses of cryptocurrency was ḥarām, or forbidden—including purchasing, selling, and leasing. The al-Azhar-affiliated Dār al-Iftāʾ was established in 1895 with the Grand Muftī as its head; throughout its history it served a … Continue reading Fatwās on Cryptocurrency: Egypt’s Dār al-Iftāʾ

Fatwās on Cryptocurrency: The Syrian Islamic Council and the International Union of Muslim Scholars’ al-Qaradaghi

By Raha Rafii Throughout the last few years, Muslim scholars have contested the validity of cryptocurrency in Islamic jurisprudence, particularly in light of its quick expansion in regions like the Gulf and Southeast Asia.[1] Cryptocurrency differs from standard forms of currency in that it exists only digitally and transactions are not processed through a central … Continue reading Fatwās on Cryptocurrency: The Syrian Islamic Council and the International Union of Muslim Scholars’ al-Qaradaghi

Thank you, Sohail Hanif!

Thank you, Sohail Hanif for joining us as guest blog editor in March. In case you missed his essays, here they are: Social Dependencies of Islamic Law: A View Through the Legal Commentary A Prayer-Based Civilizational Order: The Social Dimension of the Rules of Ritual Prayer When Worship Meets Taxation: Socio-Political Reflections on the Rules … Continue reading Thank you, Sohail Hanif!

When Worship Meets Taxation: Socio-Political Reflections on the Rules of Zakat

By Sohail Hanif We continue our reflection on social dimensions of Islamic law by turning our attention to the rules of Zakat,[1] the obligatory alms in Islam. Zakat is a social institution, as it represents wealth moving from the ‘rich’ to the ‘poor’. By its very nature, Zakat creates social ties and dependencies. From the … Continue reading When Worship Meets Taxation: Socio-Political Reflections on the Rules of Zakat

A Prayer-Based Civilizational Order: The Social Dimension of the Rules of Ritual Prayer

By Sohail Hanif Ritual prayer (ṣalāh) is a pillar of Islam. It functions as a pillar that upholds the daily routine and spiritual journey of a believer. However, the spiritual dimension of prayer is not a topic of investigation in works of Islamic law. There is, on the other hand, another overarching interest of Muslim … Continue reading A Prayer-Based Civilizational Order: The Social Dimension of the Rules of Ritual Prayer