Collective Duties (farḍ kifāya) in Islamic Law

By Adnan Zulfiqar  This post is the first in a series of four posts on obligation, jihād, revolution and prisons. Among the most significant challenges in studying or teaching Islamic law is situating it within its proper normative framework. Unfortunately, an account of Islamic law’s historical growth and development is often considered sufficient for understanding … Continue reading Collective Duties (farḍ kifāya) in Islamic Law