Islamic Law Lexicon :: Madhhab

By Alicia Daniel Sources: Sherman A. Jackson, Kramer versus Kramer in a Tenth/Sixteenth Century Egyptian Court: Post-Formative Jurisprudence between Exigency and Law, Islamic Law and Society 8, no. 1 (2001): 27-51. Sherman A. Jackson, The Primacy of Domestic Politics: Ibn Bint Al-Aʿazz and the Establishment of Four Chief Judgeships in Mamlûk Egypt, Journal of the … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Madhhab

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ribâ

This is a definition of ribâ by scholars Mohammad Fadel, Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair for the Law and Economics of Islamic Law, University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Ibrahim Warde, Carnegie Scholar and Adjunct Professor of International Business, The Fletcher School, Tufts University. Short definition: ribâ: "unjust enrichment" (p. 655) Long definition: There are significant … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ribâ

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ijtihād: the direct interpretation of scripture

This entry provides a definition and analysis of the term ijtihād, drawing on works by SHARIAsource Senior Scholar Sherman A. Jackson, King Faisal Chair in Islamic Thought and Culture and Professor of Religion and American Studies and Ethnicity at the University of Southern California. Context When Islamic law was in its infancy, scholars relied solely on a method … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ijtihād: the direct interpretation of scripture

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ḥadīth

Ḥadīth = “the corpus of traditions from the Prophet”; reports of words and sayings attributed to the Prophet Muḥammad (for Sunnīs) as well as to a series of Imams who succeeded him (for Shīʿa); the text of the second source of Islamic law. Context Muḥammad is undoubtedly one of the central figures in Islamic law and … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Ḥadīth

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Qurʾān: the primary Islamic religious text

By Alicia Daniel Citation: Sherman A. Jackson, Kramer versus Kramer in a Tenth/Sixteenth Century Egyptian Court: Post-Formative Jurisprudence between Exigency and Law, Islamic Law and Society 8, no. 1 (2001): 27-51. Sherman A. Jackson, King Faisal Chair in Islamic Thought and Culture and Professor of Religion and American Studies and Ethnicity, University of Southern California … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Qurʾān: the primary Islamic religious text

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Sunna: Reports of the Prophet Muhammad’s and other Leading Islamic Authorities’ Normative Example  

By Alicia Daniel Citation: Sherman A. Jackson, Kramer versus Kramer in a Tenth/Sixteenth Century Egyptian Court: Post-Formative Jurisprudence between Exigency and Law, Islamic Law and Society 8, no. 1 (2001): 27-51. *Note: All page numbers used as citations refer to the above article. Sherman A. Jackson, King Faisal Chair in Islamic Thought and Culture and … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Sunna: Reports of the Prophet Muhammad’s and other Leading Islamic Authorities’ Normative Example  

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Fatwā

By Alicia Daniel Citation: Sherman A. Jackson, Kramer versus Kramer in a Tenth/Sixteenth Century Egyptian Court: Post-Formative Jurisprudence between Exigency and Law, Islamic L. & Society 8, 27–51 (2001). Sherman A. Jackson, King Faisal Chair in Islamic Thought and Culture and Professor of Religion and American Studies and Ethnicity, University of Southern California Dornsife College … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Fatwā

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Islamic Law (sharīʿa)

By Alicia Daniel Citation: Sherman A. Jackson, The Primacy of Domestic Politics: Ibn Bint Al-Aʿazz and the Establishment of Four Chief Judgeships in Mamlūk Egypt, Journal of the American Oriental Society 115, no. 1 (1995): 52-65. *Note: All page numbers used as citations refer to the above article. Sherman A. Jackson, King Faisal Chair in … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Islamic Law (sharīʿa)

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Waqf: Charitable endowment; trust  

By Alicia Daniel Citation: Anver Emon, Religious Minorities and Islamic Law: Accommodation and the Limits of Tolerance, in Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law: Searching for Common Ground? 323–43 (Anver Emon, Mark Ellis, and Benjamin Glahn eds., 2012). *Note: All page numbers used as citations refer to the above chapter. Anver Emon, Associate Professor … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Waqf: Charitable endowment; trust  

Islamic Law Lexicon :: Waqf

David S. Powers, The Islamic Family Endowment (Waqf), 32 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1167 (1999). *Note: All quotes are from the above article. Short definition: waqf: “endowment” Long definition: Centuries before the trust was developed in English common law, Islamic law developed the waqf, or endowment. Though not mentioned in the Qur’an, the waqf dates from the first few centuries of … Continue reading Islamic Law Lexicon :: Waqf