Pakistan’s Anti-Rape Laws Bill: Panacea or Posturing?

By Nimra Azmi In March 2015, the Pakistani Senate unanimously passed the Anti-Rape Laws Bill of 2014. (While the Anti-Rape Laws Bill has passed in the upper house, it is awaiting approval of the National Assembly or the lower house of the Pakistani Parliament, the Majlis-e-Shura.[1]) This Bill is the most recent major move made … Continue reading Pakistan’s Anti-Rape Laws Bill: Panacea or Posturing?

Rape & the Hudood Ordinance: A Lost Opportunity

By Nimra Azmi From 1979 until 2006, the Zina Ordinance, a subsection of the Hudood Ordinances, governed rape under Pakistani law.[1] The Hudood Ordinances were implemented during the rule of President Zia ul-Haq, who presided over the country from 1977-1988 as a military dictator. Representing a conservative Islamic orthodoxy of a Ḥanafī bent, Zia ul-Haq … Continue reading Rape & the Hudood Ordinance: A Lost Opportunity