Weekend Scholarship Roundup

In "Abortion and Rape Laws in Pakistan: A Sharī‘ah Based Analysis" (SSRN, September 17, 2021), Qurratul Minhas (International Islamic University, Islamabad) and Samia Maqbool Niazi (International Islamic University, Islamabad) discuss rulings on rape and abortion in classical Islamic law to point to what they consider to be gaps in current Pakistani laws dealing with the … Continue reading Weekend Scholarship Roundup

A Patchwork Pakistani: Gang Rape, Jurisdiction, and the Mukhtar Mai Case

By Nimra Azmi In 1999, Pakistan passed an amendment to the 1997 Anti-Terrorism Act.[1] This Amendment listed gang rape, child molestation, and robbery coupled with rape as terrorist acts under the ATA. When the 1999 Amendment was passed, rape (zinā' bi'l jabr), which included the ATA sexual offenses, was governed by the Zina Ordinance, a … Continue reading A Patchwork Pakistani: Gang Rape, Jurisdiction, and the Mukhtar Mai Case

The Protection of Women Act vs. the Hudood Ordinance: A Federal Shariat Court Challenge

By Nimra Azmi Pakistan’s 2006 Protection of Women Act (PWA) should have been a victory for progressive Pakistani forces, a definitive end to the 1979 Hudood Ordinances’ draconian reign over rape in Pakistan.[1] The actual landscape, however, is not so clear-cut. While not commonly discussed in the narrative of Pakistani rape law, a 2010 Federal … Continue reading The Protection of Women Act vs. the Hudood Ordinance: A Federal Shariat Court Challenge

Rape & the Hudood Ordinance: A Lost Opportunity

By Nimra Azmi From 1979 until 2006, the Zina Ordinance, a subsection of the Hudood Ordinances, governed rape under Pakistani law.[1] The Hudood Ordinances were implemented during the rule of President Zia ul-Haq, who presided over the country from 1977-1988 as a military dictator. Representing a conservative Islamic orthodoxy of a Ḥanafī bent, Zia ul-Haq … Continue reading Rape & the Hudood Ordinance: A Lost Opportunity