New debates about Islam in Europe

Talib Shareef, Yaya J. Fanusie, and Muhammad Fraser-Rahim, three African American Muslims with experience in a diverse array of American institutions, including the US Air Force, the CIA, and the Department of Homeland Security, respectively, recently wrote an article in Foreign Policy.  There, the authors cite and evaluate the existing narratives in circulation on Islam … Continue reading New debates about Islam in Europe

Historical Primary Sources: A Legal and Diplomatic Justification of the Ottoman Declaration of War Against Russia, 1768

This document is a beyānnāme, or declaration, sent by the Ottoman reʾīsül-kuttāb (chief scribe) to Britain's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, justifying the Ottoman declaration of war on Russia by explaining Russia's violation of treaty obligations. The document gives insight into eighteenth-century Ottoman attitudes to international law and its relationship with Islamic law. Contributed by … Continue reading Historical Primary Sources: A Legal and Diplomatic Justification of the Ottoman Declaration of War Against Russia, 1768