Recent Scholarship: Ostien on Nigeria’s Sharīʿa Courts

Philip Ostien is the editor of The Nigeria Papers, one of the Special Collections on SHARIAsource. The Nigeria Papers is a comprehensive collection of documentary materials and scholarly analysis on the programs of “sharīʿa implementation” (the application of Islamic law) undertaken by 12 northern Nigerian states beginning in 1999 and continuing today. A new paper … Continue reading Recent Scholarship: Ostien on Nigeria’s Sharīʿa Courts

Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006 :: A Sourcebook Volume V: Two Famous Cases

Early zeal for application of the reinstated Islamic criminal law resulted in two zināʾ cases which attracted worldwide attention in 2001-2003: the cases of Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal, litigated in the Sharia Courts of Sokoto and Katsina States, respectively. Vol. V makes available English translations of the records of proceedings and the judgments of … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006 :: A Sourcebook Volume V: Two Famous Cases

Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials III: Zakat and Endowment Boards and Committees

These materials document, state by state, what each of the sharīʿa states is doing in respect of the collection and distribution of zakāt and the management of pious endowments (waqf, pl awqāf). The materials include early proposals by Sharia Implementation Committees or Councils of Ulama for official zakāt organizations, including the doctrinal background; all statutory materials … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials III: Zakat and Endowment Boards and Committees

Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials V: Sharia Implementation and Women

These materials include the results relating to gender of a perceptions survey carried out in three sharīʿa states in early 2016, which included questions on hisbah and women, zakat and gender issues, practices harmful to women, and education of girls and women. Also included is documentation of a number of public enlightenment and sensitization programs … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials V: Sharia Implementation and Women

Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials II: Hisbah Groups

The sharīʿa states vary widely as to hisbah organizations. Some have none at all, some have informal groups not sanctioned by the state, some have official groups organized under the governor’s office, a ministry, or the state Sharia Commission, and some have separate Hisbah Boards or Commissions operating under statutes of their own. These materials … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials II: Hisbah Groups

Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria, 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Volume III: Sanitizing Society

A principal aim of sharīʿa implementation was to address the many social ills besetting Nigeria, or, in this case, besetting the Muslim North. This volume documents changes in the law made variously in the sharīʿa states specifically to address corruption, alcoholic drinks, gambling, sexual immoralities, other matters related to women, unedifying media, and miscellaneous other … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria, 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Volume III: Sanitizing Society

New Resource: Compendium on Islamic Criminal Laws of Northern Nigeria

According to the Penal Code of 1960, criminal laws purportedly based on sharīʿa ceased to exist in Northern Nigeria. In 2000, twelve states of Northern Nigeria sought to reintroduce Islamic criminal law, which had been partially in place prior to the 1960 law reforms. Besides the enactment of penal codes, these states enacted several laws designed to … Continue reading New Resource: Compendium on Islamic Criminal Laws of Northern Nigeria

Comparing the Religion-State Divide in the Arab World: Constitutions

Nathan Brown, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the Elliot School of International Affairs at George Washington University, asserts that "Arab constitutions are not abnormally religious," even though they legally integrate religion in different ways. "Religion appears in the constitutions of the Arab world, almost all with Muslim majorities, in a variety of … Continue reading Comparing the Religion-State Divide in the Arab World: Constitutions