Did Republican Turkey Really Abolish the Ottoman Caliphate? The Curious Case of Law No. 431

Summary and context: In 1924, Turkey abolished the Ottoman Caliphate through a statute numbered 431, or Law No. 431. The construction of the statute was somewhat ambiguous in that it stated that the Caliphate was abolished because that institution was inherent to the State and the Republic, thus almost justifying its abolishment as a separate … Continue reading Did Republican Turkey Really Abolish the Ottoman Caliphate? The Curious Case of Law No. 431