Commentary :: Criminalization of Triple Ṭalāq in India: A Dilemma for Religiously Divorced but Legally Married Muslim Women

Photograph of Indian flag flowing in the wind

India’s legislature has criminalized instant divorce (triple ṭalāq) through the enactment of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019. This piece of legislation is a result of the Supreme Court judgment in the Shayara Bano case two years ago. In this judgment, the Court declared the practice of triple ṭalāq a violation … Continue reading Commentary :: Criminalization of Triple Ṭalāq in India: A Dilemma for Religiously Divorced but Legally Married Muslim Women

Contemporary Primary Sources: Banjarmasin (Indonesia) Municipal Regulation No. 13 of 2003 on Prohibited Activities During Ramadan

This regional regulation prohibits places of entertainment, restaurants, kiosks (warung, rombong), and the like, from opening during the month of Ramadan. It similarly prohibits eating, drinking and/or smoking in restaurants, kiosks, and the like, from sunrise to sundown. Exceptions to the rule are: Restaurants opening from 5 pm preparing to serve patrons breaking the fast; Markets … Continue reading Contemporary Primary Sources: Banjarmasin (Indonesia) Municipal Regulation No. 13 of 2003 on Prohibited Activities During Ramadan

Scholarship in “Plain English”: Clark Lombardi on Sharīʿa as a Source of Legislation

The constitutions of many Muslim-majority countries contain clauses that declare sharīʿa a source of legislation. These “sharīʿa clauses” may name sharīʿa as “a chief source,” “the chief source,” or “the only source,” among others, of national laws. Though the phrasing of these clauses seems quite similar, some scholars and government officials have ascribed importance to … Continue reading Scholarship in “Plain English”: Clark Lombardi on Sharīʿa as a Source of Legislation