Recent Scholarship: Akande on British Islamic Criminal Law in Northern Nigeria

"Secularizing Islam: The Colonial Encounter and the Making of a British Islamic Criminal Law in Northern Nigeria, 1903–58" by Rabiat Akande. This article narrates the ways in which siyasa, understood as "discretionary powers of political rulers," facilitated the making of a British Colonial Islamic law. Here, Akande focuses on criminal law in order to highlight what set … Continue reading Recent Scholarship: Akande on British Islamic Criminal Law in Northern Nigeria

Recent Scholarship: Ostien on Nigeria’s Sharīʿa Courts

Philip Ostien is the editor of The Nigeria Papers, one of the Special Collections on SHARIAsource. The Nigeria Papers is a comprehensive collection of documentary materials and scholarly analysis on the programs of “sharīʿa implementation” (the application of Islamic law) undertaken by 12 northern Nigerian states beginning in 1999 and continuing today. A new paper … Continue reading Recent Scholarship: Ostien on Nigeria’s Sharīʿa Courts

Abou El Fadl on Sexual Violence in Islamic Law

SHARIAsource Senior Scholar Khaled Abou El Fadl recently gave a lecture (available on YouTube here) regarding the prohibition of torture in Islam, which he explained is not derived from modern international law, but rather from the Qurʾān and ḥadīth. In particular, Abou El Fadl pushed back against the misconception that, under Islamic criminal law, victims … Continue reading Abou El Fadl on Sexual Violence in Islamic Law

Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Two Famous Cases

Early zeal for application of the reinstated Islamic criminal law resulted in two zināʾ cases which attracted worldwide attention in 2001-2003: the cases of Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal, litigated in the Sharia Courts of Sokoto and Katsina States, respectively. Vol. V makes available English translations of the records of proceedings and the judgments of … Continue reading Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Two Famous Cases

Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Zakāt and Endowments

These materials document, state by state, what each of the sharīʿa states is doing in respect of the collection and distribution of zakāt and the management of pious endowments (waqf, pl awqāf). The materials include early proposals by Sharia Implementation Committees or Councils of Ulama for official zakāt organizations, including the doctrinal background; all statutory materials … Continue reading Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Zakāt and Endowments

Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Women

These materials include the results relating to gender of a perceptions survey carried out in three sharīʿa states in early 2016, which included questions on hisbah and women, zakat and gender issues, practices harmful to women, and education of girls and women. Also included is documentation of a number of public enlightenment and sensitization programs … Continue reading Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Women

Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Hisbah Groups

The sharīʿa states vary widely as to hisbah organizations. Some have none at all, some have informal groups not sanctioned by the state, some have official groups organized under the governor’s office, a ministry, or the state Sharia Commission, and some have separate Hisbah Boards or Commissions operating under statutes of their own. These materials … Continue reading Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: Hisbah Groups

Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: “Sanitizing Society”

A principal aim of sharīʿa implementation was to address the many social ills besetting Nigeria, or, in this case, besetting the Muslim North. This volume documents changes in the law made variously in the sharīʿa states specifically to address corruption, alcoholic drinks, gambling, sexual immoralities, other matters related to women, unedifying media, and miscellaneous other … Continue reading Sharīʿa Implementation in Northern Nigeria :: “Sanitizing Society”

Country Profile: Nigeria

This Country Profile provides a basic overview of the legal history and institutional structures of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, based on research produced by GlobaLex at NYU Law School and the Library of Congress. Under Nigeria's Constitution, Islamic law (sharīʿa or fiqh) has legal status. Country Background Nigeria is a country located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea and Lake … Continue reading Country Profile: Nigeria

Contemporary Primary Sources: Kano State v. Lami Adamu: Ruling on the High Court’s Competence to Apply the Sharia Penal Code

The respondent was charged before the High Court of Kano State for the offense of homicide under the Kano State Sharia Penal Code Law 2000. Arguing that only sharīʿa courts are competent to try offenses arising under the Sharia Penal Code, the respondent challenged the jurisdiction of the High Court to hear the matter. The … Continue reading Contemporary Primary Sources: Kano State v. Lami Adamu: Ruling on the High Court’s Competence to Apply the Sharia Penal Code